Title: Organized refugees and fragmented citizens: A comparative ethnography of group formation and violence across the green line
Name: Silvia Pasquetti
Year: 2010
Type: Dissertation Fellowship

Organized Refugees and Fragmented Citizens is a dissertation that examines the role of law-enforcement, military, and humanitarian agencies in social cohesion and emotional relationships among subordinated people. Drawing on extensive fieldwork across the Green Line between Israel and the West Bank, it compares profiles of solidarity, morality, violence, and politics among Palestinians living as minorities in an Israeli city and Palestinian refugees living in a West Bank camp. It explains how and why Israeli Palestinian urban minorities experience distrust, fear, and interpersonal violence, and are oriented towards an ethos that valorizes individual acts of subversion against the law and discards group solidarity as a practical strategy or cultural value. By contrast, Palestinian camp dwellers experience in-group trust and have converged towards an ethos that valorizes solidarity, stigmatizes materialism, and supports collective politics. They also support the enforcement of informal control inside the camp to uphold shared standards of behavior. This dissertation demonstrates that different agencies of controlespecially security and policing agencies in the city and military and humanitarian agencies in the campplay an important role in the formation of social sensitivities, affective orientations, and political meanings among Palestinian refugees and minority citizens. It shows how agencies of control operate as socializing agencies that shape and segment emotions, perceptions, and behavior among the people whose lives they penetrate. It calls for attention in the study of communal solidarity, violence, and politics to the day-to-day encounters that poor and marginalized minorities have with powerful ruling agencies.

Bibliography: Silvia Pasquetti. 2013. Legal Emotions: An Ethnography of Distrust and Fear in the Arab Districts of Lod, Israel. Law & Society Review, 47, 3, pp. 461-492.