Title: Controlling chaos: Unionists, Military Policy, and Irregular Warfare in Confederate North Carolina
Name: Barton A. Myers
Assistant Professor of Civil War History
Washington and Lee University
204 West Washington Street
Lexington, VA
Year: 2008
Type: Dissertation Fellowship
Summary: This study delves into the secret world of hundreds of white and black southern unionists as they struggled for survival in a new Confederate world, resisted the imposition of Confederate military and civil authority, began a diffuse underground movement to destroy the Confederacy, joined the United States Army as soldiers, and waged a series of violent guerrilla wars at the local level against other southerners. We also see Confederates as they struggle to build a new nation at the local level and maintain control over manpower, labor, agricultural, and financial resources, which southern unionists possessed. In the course of the book, the motivations and extent of guerrilla warfare is mapped at the county-level with the state of North Carolina and presents important new insight into the downfall of the Confederacy. The work sits at the intersection of military history and the history of the American South to explain the complexities of violent resistance at a time of state creation and the formation of Confederate nationalism at the local level. The story is not solely one of triumph over adversity by those who resisted Confederate military forces but also of persecution during the American Civil War and ultimately erasure of these dissidents by the post-war Souths Lost Cause mythologizers.

Myers, Barton A. Rebels Against the Confederacy: North Carolinas Unionists (New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, September 2014).

Myers, Barton A. Executing Daniel Bright: Race, Loyalty and Guerrilla Violence in a Coastal Carolina Community, 1861-1865 (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ. Press, 2009).